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25 January 2019, 07:41 | Updated: 25 January 2019, 07:42
One in four commuters on ScotRail services find travelling "frequently stressful", according to consumer body Which?
Its latest rail survey also suggested nearly one in five (18%) had missed out on time with family and friends, while a 10th of passengers faced additional childcare costs because of train delays.
ScotRail was rated poorly in a number of categories, with commuters giving just two stars out of five for punctuality, reliability, toilet facilities and value for money.
Customer service and condition of carriages were both marked three stars.
It puts the operator 23rd out of the UK's 30 train companies with a customer score of 45% - down from 51% last year.
Alex Hayman, Which? managing director of public markets, said: "It's clear that ScotRail passengers aren't at all happy with the service they're receiving on a daily basis.
"If faith in the company is to be restored, it must listen to passengers who have too often been an afterthought.
"ScotRail's improvement plan must deliver results that work for passengers and address the chronic issues identified in our survey."
Scottish Labour's transport spokesman Colin Smyth called for a reduction in fares as a result of the report.
He said: "It really is a case of 'ScotFail' in the eyes of Scotland's hard pressed passengers.
"The SNP should use the current budget process to deliver a fare cut for passengers and back Labour's call for public ownership of our railways so we have a transport system that works for the many."
Scottish Conservative transport spokesman Jamie Greene said: "This will make for entirely predictable and depressing reading for ScotRail and commuters alike.
"Strict targets on performance and punctuality should be properly adhered to and enforced. It's time to show some leadership."
Scottish Liberal Democrat transport spokesman Mike Rumbles MSP said: "The Scottish Government had an opportunity to put this right in the autumn but ministers were more concerned about bad publicity than addressing passenger needs.
"Instead of warning Abellio ScotRail of fines and a withdrawal of the contract unless rail performance improved, it decided the company would have a free pass to ignore penalties for missing targets until June 2019.
"It is no good blaming Network Rail, which operate across the whole of the UK, when it is only ScotRail that is plummeting in the UK rankings."
A Transport Scotland spokesman said: "ScotRail's performance, in terms of cancellations and reliability, over the last 12 months hasn't been good enough - that's undeniable and why we took the serious contractual step of issuing a remedial plan notice, and we now expect to see improvements.
"Rail performance across the United Kingdom has not been good. While the Scottish Government's unprecedented levels of investment shows our commitment to Scotland's railways, we are constrained in the options we can consider for delivering services by the current UK legislation, which we have no powers to change.
"On average, fares are already 20% lower in Scotland than the rest of the UK and the Scottish Government fund two thirds of the running costs.
"The UK-wide Rail Review is an opportunity to truly empower Scotland's railways and bring it closer our communities and businesses."