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25 April 2013, 06:20 | Updated: 30 March 2016, 13:50
A catch-up programme to increase MMR vaccination uptake in children and teenagers has been announced - as the number of cases of measles continues to rise in the North East.
The aim of the programme is to prevent measles outbreaks by vaccinating as many unvaccinated and partially vaccinated 10-16 year olds as possible in time for the next school year.
New figures published today by Public Health England (PHE) show high numbers of confirmed measles cases in the North East reached 176 confirmed cases by the end of March - compared to only 1 confirmed case this time last year and 49 in the whole of 2012.
Most of the cases of measles in the North East have been confirmed on Teesside - with the Middlesbrough and Stockton areas seeing the highest number of cases (see table below)
Nationally, in the first three months of 2013, there were 587 confirmed cases, following a record annual high of almost 2,000 cases in 2012.
Cases are distributed across England, with the highest totals in the North West and North East where there have been outbreaks of the disease.
Experts believe the rise in measles cases can be mostly attributed to the proportion of unprotected 10-16 year olds, who missed out on vaccination in the late 1990s and early 2000s when concern around the discredited link between autism and the vaccine was widespread.
After many years of low vaccination uptake, measles became re-established in 2007.
The catch-up programme announced today sets out a national framework within which local teams - led by NHS England Area Teams, working alongside Directors of Public Health in Local Government and supported by the North East PHE Centre, will produce tailored local plans to identify and give MMR to unvaccinated and partially vaccinated 10-16 year olds through GPs and/or school programmes.
Dr Roberta Marshall, Centre Director for the North East PHE Centre, said:
"Measles is a potentially fatal but entirely preventable disease so it is very disappointing that cases have been increasing in the North East, particularly across Teesside.
The catch-up programme set out today recommends an approach to specifically target those young people most at risk.
Those who have not been vaccinated should urgently seek at least one dose of MMR vaccination which will give them 95 per cent protection against measles.
A second dose is then needed to provide almost complete protection.
The only way to prevent measles outbreaks is to ensure good uptake of the MMR across all age groups, and that when cases are reported, immediate public health action is taken to protect vulnerable individuals as soon as possible.
Measles is not a mild illness - it is very unpleasant and can lead to serious complications as we have seen with more than 100 children in England being hospitalised so far this year.
It is never too late to get vaccinated against measles.
Parents of unvaccinated children, teenagers and young adults who have missed out on MMR should urgently arrange to be vaccinated by their GP.
If you are unsure whether you or your child has had two doses of the vaccine, speak to your GP who will have a record."
To support the national programme, a new Facebook page has been launched (www.facebook.com/getvaccinatedEngland) in conjunction with NHS Choices.
Jan - March 2013
Oct - Dec 2012
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